Thesis Fluid Syntaxis 2020
Water Memory and Fixing Methodologies

‘If water had a memory, the glacier would know about the sea, the river about the spring, the flower about the root.’ 1

Water is intrinsic to life on earth. 71% of the earth’s surface is water, oceans hold 96,7% of all water there is2. Our bodies are approximately 60% made of water3. Water is in the ground, water is in the air. Water knows three states, fluid, solid and vapor. Still, much is to be discovered about the qualities and behaviour of this matter. 
Researchers discovered that water has memory. Water would have the ability to reflect its environment in the form of the complexion of its molecular structure and in that way, store information. Every element that gets in contact with water, leaves a trace in its molecular structure. Water in its fluid state is in a continual movement in which its molecules are constantly connecting and disconnecting to each other. This movement makes water able to dissolve and absorb other elements. In this fluid state it would seem impossible to hold any recordings of its environment when molecules are connecting and disconnecting. But looking at the structure in its fluid state, it is a formation in which molecules can leave and others take its place. The structure can change in different encounters.4
The idea of water having memory was first raised in the 1980s by biologist Jacques Benveniste5. He worked with homeopathic techniques in which formulas are diluted in water. A medicinal element was added to the water and the formula would be diluted multiple times. These dilutions would not contain the actual medicinal element anymore, but the water would remember it and could with only this memorization perform as an actual medicine. His research was picked up years later by Nobel prize winning virologist Luc Montagnier. He applied Jacques Benveniste’s techniques to his own research by detecting and applying electromagnetic signals to water to teleport (or rather ‘recall’) DNA waves6. As after his research, water was able to recall past information as if it was a memory.
Bernd Kröplin7 used single dried droplets from different environments to look at the structure of water. His research showed that water was able to adjust to its environment in its structure formation. Figure 1 shows that water from the same source but sampled by four different individuals, results in different water structures. 

Figure 1

Masaru Emoto8 researched water memory by freezing water samples and observing the crystallization that showed itself when defrosting. He exposed water to ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ emotional factors. Every sample showed unique crystals in which the positive emotions resulted in water with hexagonal crystallisation and the negative emotions in water with distorted crystallization. Figure 2 and 3 show water that has been exposed to the music of Vivaldi. Figure 2 shows “The Four Seasons - Spring” and figure 3 shows “The Four Seasons – Summer”. Masaru Emoto explored the healing properties of water in relation to the human body, which up to 60% consists of water9. He developed HADO Water with which disharmonious energy is detected in the human body and balancing vibrations are transferred to water. By repeatedly drinking this water the body heals itself from within.10 

Figure 2 and 3

Despite their findings, these researches were critiqued by the mainstream scientific world. Jacques Benveniste approached the scientific paper Nature to publish his research ‘Human basophil degranulation triggered by very highly dilute antiserum against IgE’11. After publishing the article, Nature set up an investigation to perform the procedure with Benveniste’s team. Nature’s team existed of Nature editor John Maddox, a sceptic illusionist James Randi and a scientific fraud expert Walter Stewart. The experiments failed and the research was known as the Benveniste affair12. Benveniste: ‘Their amateurism, the climate they created in the five days of our ordeal, their inability to get to grips with our biological system and their judgement based on one dilution series dismiss this inquiry altogether.’13
John Maddox concluded that the results were taken blindly by Benveniste’s team and that his team frauded his research. He admitted that his investigation was set out to detect scientific fraud.14 Still Benveniste said: ‘Our publication of our paper was a cry for help to explain these puzzling results. Instead we got a fraud squad, an unsound (…) insult to respected scientists, who from the start and thereafter were treated as criminals.’15 

All researches on water memory received harsh criticism from scientists, water memory would be nonsense16. Investigating thus these approaches to water memory, would question not only the power relations within science, but also, and most importantly, the methods that we accustomed to take as true and valid.

If water had a memory, would certain scientific research still be valid? What would water mean to us? How would our relationship with water change? 

1 Bernd Kröplin, The world in a drop - Memories and forms of thought in water (Barcelona: CIMNE, 2016), 13.
2 NGWA – The Ground Water Association [accessed: 15th November 2019],
3 Brandon Spector, Live Science, [accessed: 15th November 2019],
4 Dr. Bernd Kröplin, Water has Memory II, World in a Drop, (Regine C. Henschel, 2017).
5 Jacques Benveniste, Ma vérité sur la << mémoire de l’eau>>, (Albin Michel 2005).
6 Luc Montagnier, et al, DNA waves and Water (Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 306, 2007) 1-10.
7 The World in a Drop. [accessed: 6th November 2019],
8 Water Crystals in Motion (‘Messages of Water’ Video Production Committee, Nihon Eiga Shinsya Co, Ltd).
9 Office Masaru Emoto [accessed 11th November  2019].
10 Masaru Emoto, Double-Blind Test of the Effects of Distant Intention on Water Crystal Formations (EXPLORE 2, nr.5, 2006) 408.
11 Jacques Benveniste, et al, Human basophil degranulation triggered by very highly dilute antiserum against IgE (Nature 333, 1988) 816-818.
12 Hexagonal Water [accessed 16th November 2019],
13 Jacques Benveniste, Dr Jacques Benveniste Replies: (Nature 334, 1988) 291.
14 Jacques Benveniste, Benveniste on Nature Investigation (Nature 241, 1988) 1028.
15 Jacques Benveniste, Benveniste on the Benveniste affair (Nature 335, 1988) 759.
16 Masaru Emoto, Healing with Water (The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 10, nr. 1, 2004) 20.

Figure 1 Bernd Kröplin, The impact of individuals on water, The World in a Drop [accessed: 6th November 2019], 
Figure 2 Masaru Emoto, “The Four Seasons – Spring” Vivaldi, Office Masaru Emoto [accessed: 11th November 2019],
Figure 3 Masaru Emoto, “The Four Seasons – Summer” Vivaldi, Office Masaru Emoto [accessed: 11th November 2019],